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Overcoming Challenges in UAE Probation Period

probation period uae

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The probation period UAE refers to the time a foreign worker must serve before obtaining permanent residency in the UAE. According to UAE immigration law, the probationary period is six months from the date of entry into the country.

In this article we talk about probation period UAE, notice period UAE, leave salary calculation in UAE, and the difficulties in the probation period UAE.

Introduction

probation period uae

The probation period UAE, is a crucial stage for foreign workers seeking to settle in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), a country with a diversified economy, a high quality of life and a different culture.

During this time, which usually lasts six months, the worker must demonstrate his competence, adaptation and integration into the company and society. To achieve this, he/she faces several challenges, such as language, standards, performance and work relations.

Understanding UAE Probation Dynamics

The probation period UAE, is the initial stage of the employment contract, the purpose of which is, on the part of the employer, to assess the worker’s aptitudes, and on the part of the worker, the suitability of the working conditions.

The probationary period may vary according to the type of contract, in compliance with Emirati hiring rules. But in general, it cannot exceed six months from the date of entry into the country.

During the probation period UAE, the employee has the same rights and obligations as other workers, including salary, social security, social benefits and parafiscal contributions.

However, either party may terminate the contract without prior notice or compensation. Therefore, the worker must demonstrate good performance, adapt to local norms and customs, learn the Arabic language and establish a good relationship with the employer.

Thus, he/she will be able to pass the probationary period and obtain permanent residence in the UAE.

Purpose and Importance

The purpose and importance of the probation period UAE is to allow the employer and employee to get to know each other and test whether they are compatible and suitable for the job and working conditions.

During the probationary period, which usually lasts six months, either party may terminate the contract without notice or compensation.

The probation period UAE is therefore an opportunity to demonstrate the employee’s skills, adaptation and integration, as well as to assess the benefits and challenges of working and living in the UAE.

The probationary period is not a period for free dismissal, but a mutual evaluation stage that requires a written agreement and a fixed duration.

Typical Duration and Variation

The typical length and variations of the probationary period in the UAE depend on the type of contract and the job held. According to the UAE Workers’ Statute, the probationary period may be agreed in writing between the employer and the employee, with the following maximum limits:

  • For workers with technical qualifications, the probationary period may not exceed six months.
  • Besides, for other workers, the probationary period may not exceed three months.
  • For workers with a temporary contract of less than six months. The probationary period may not exceed 25% of the duration of the contract, with a maximum of two months.

These limits may vary according to what is established in the collective bargaining agreements of each sector or activity. In addition, the probationary period may be interrupted for justified reasons. Such as illness, accident, leave of absence or strike, and resumed at a later date.

Common Challenges During UAE Probation

Some of the common challenges faced by foreign workers during the probationary period in the UAE are:

  • The language: Arabic is the official language of the UAE and although English is widely used. It is advisable to learn at least some basic phrases to communicate with clients and colleagues.
  • Local norms and customs: The UAE has a culture based on Islam and Arabic traditions. So dress code, prayer times, Ramadan fasting, alcohol and drug laws, and social norms should be respected.
  • Job performance: The UAE is a country with a diversified and competitive economy. So a high level of productivity, quality and efficiency is required of workers. In addition, they must adapt to the demands and expectations of the company and the market.
  • Labor relations: The UAE has a sponsorship or kafala system. Whereby the employer is responsible for processing the worker’s visa and residency. Therefore, a good relationship with the employer must be established, the contract must be complied with and conflicts or claims must be avoided.

These are some of the challenges that may arise during the probationary period in the UAE, but there are also opportunities and benefits of working and living in the UAE.

In addition, in some cases, find jobs in Dubai, requires recruitment agencies in Dubai to get you a job and although this can be a help. It can also be a difficulty if you do not meet the required skills.

Unclear Expectations

Unclear expectations of the probation period UAE are those that are not adequately defined or communicated by the employer or employee, and can lead to confusion, frustration or conflict during this stage. Examples of unclear expectations include:

  • Level of responsibility, autonomy or supervision expected of the worker.
  • Evaluation, feedback or recognition criteria applied to the employee.
  • Benefits, incentives or compensation offered to the worker3.
  • Rights, obligations or guarantees that the employee has.
  • Training, development or career plans offered to the employee.

To avoid unclear expectations, it is recommended that the employer and employee establish a written agreement on the objectives, functions, conditions and expectations of the probationary period. And that they maintain fluid, honest and frequent communication during the probationary period.

Performance Pressure

The pressure on performance during the probationary period in the UAE can be high. As this is a stage where the employee must demonstrate competence, adaptation and integration into the company and society.

The UAE is a country with a diversified and competitive economy. So a high level of productivity, quality and efficiency is required of workers. In addition, the probationary period can be terminated without notice or compensation by either party, creating a situation of uncertainty and instability.

The pressure on performance can negatively affect the physical and psychological. Well-being of the worker, causing stress, anxiety, fatigue, insomnia, irritability, depression, among other symptoms. These, in turn, can impair work performance, leading to errors, poor quality, lack of motivation, conflicts, absenteeism, etc.

To cope with the pressure on performance during the probationary period in UAE, it is recommended to follow some strategies, such as:

  • Plan and organize the work, setting realistic priorities, objectives and deadlines.
  • Ask for and receive constructive feedback, both from the employer and colleagues, to improve performance and resolve doubts.
  • Learning to manage stress, through relaxation techniques, breathing, meditation, physical exercise, etc.
  • Maintain a positive attitude, trusting in one’s own abilities, recognizing achievements and learning from mistakes.
  • Seek a balance between work and personal life, dedicating time to leisure activities, rest, family and friends.

Cultural Adjustments

Cultural adjustments during the probation period UAE. Are the changes that the foreign worker must make to adapt to the culture, religion and laws of the UAE, which may be different from those of his or her home country. Some of the aspects that require cultural adjustments are:

  • Language: Arabic is the official language of the UAE and although English is widely used. It is advisable to learn at least some basic phrases to communicate with clients and colleagues.
  • Dress code: The UAE has a conservative dress code, especially for women, who should cover their shoulders, arms and legs. Men should avoid tank tops, shorts and sandals.
  • Prayer times: The UAE is a Muslim country and follows the prayer times established by Islam. During these times, the silence and devotion of believers should be respected, avoiding making noise, eating or drinking in public.
  • Ramadan fasting: Ramadan is the holy month of Islam, in which Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset. During this period, one must respect the fast of others, refrain from eating, drinking, smoking or chewing gum in public, and avoid displays of affection.
  • Alcohol and drug laws: The UAE has very strict laws on the consumption. Possession and trafficking of alcohol and drugs, which can lead to fines, arrest or deportation. Alcohol can only be consumed in authorized places, such as hotels or clubs, and only in moderation.
  • The rules of socializing: The UAE has a culture based on respect, courtesy and hospitality. One should greet with a handshake, avoid physical contact with persons of the opposite sex, use the title and surname to address someone, accept invitations and gifts, and avoid sensitive topics such as politics, religion or sex.

Strategies for Overcoming Challenges

Some strategies to overcome the challenges of the probationary period in the UAE are:

  • Learn the Arabic language or at least some basic phrases to communicate with clients and colleagues.
  • Respect local rules and customs, such as dress code, prayer times, Ramadan fasting, and alcohol and drug laws.
  • Demonstrate a high level of productivity, quality and efficiency at work, adapting to the demands and expectations of the company and the market.
  • Establish a good relationship with the employer or sponsor, who is responsible for visa and residency processing.
  • Seek support from friends, family, classmates, expatriate groups or immigrant support organizations.

These are some of the strategies that can help you overcome the challenges of the probationary period in the UAE. Remember that there are also opportunities and benefits of working and living in this country.

Performance Management

The performance management during the probationary period in UAE. Is the process of continuous communication and feedback between the employer and the employee to achieve the organization’s objectives and assess the employee’s suitability for the job. Performance management involves the following steps:

Establish a written agreement on the duties. Conditions and expectations of the probationary period, as well as evaluation criteria and indicators.

Conduct regular monitoring of employee performance. Through meetings, reports, surveys or other means, to verify the achievement of goals, identify strengths and weaknesses, and provide guidance and support.

Therefore, conduct a final evaluation of the employee’s performance. At the end of the probationary period, to determine whether or not the employee has passed the probationary period. And communicate the result and the decision on whether or not to continue the employee’s employment.

Besides, Conduct a calibration meeting and action plan for the employee. In case he/she has passed the probationary period, to recognize his/her achievements, set new objectives, and define improvement, development or career actions.

During the probationary period in the UAE, the employee’s aim is to be ensured of being competent, adaptable, and integrated into the company and society, and of contributing to the fulfillment of the organization’s mission, vision, and values.

Self-Initiated Learning

UAE probationary self-initiated learning is the ability to seek, acquire and apply new knowledge and skills autonomously and proactively, without waiting for the employer or mentor to provide or impose them. Self-initiated learning has several benefits, such as:

  • Improving job performance by keeping up with trends, innovations and market demands.
  • Increasing confidence, motivation and job satisfaction by feeling more competent, valued and recognized.
  • Develop adaptability, creativity and problem-solving skills by facing the challenges and opportunities that arise in the work environment.
  • To enhance employability, mobility and professional growth, by having a more attractive, competitive and differentiated profile.
  • Self-initiated learning during the probationary period in the UAE should be encouraged by following certain strategies.
  • Establish clear, specific and measurable learning objectives, related to job functions, expectations and goals.
  • Identify and leverage available learning sources, such as courses, books, articles, podcasts, videos, webinars, etc.
  • Seek and solicit feedback, advice and guidance from superiors, peers, mentors or experts to enhance learning and resolve doubts.
  • Reflect on and evaluate one’s own learning, by recording, analyzing and self-assessing progress, achievements and mistakes.
  • Apply and share learning, by putting into practice, transferring and disseminating acquired knowledge and skills.

Success Stories and Testimonials

probation period uae

The success stories and testimonials of those who have overcome the challenges of the probationary period in the UAE. Are a source of inspiration and motivation for those who find themselves in this situation. Some examples are:

  • Nora, a girl with a neuromuscular disease that forces her to be in a wheelchair, but does not prevent her from fulfilling her dream of becoming a fashion designer. Nora says that the trial period was an opportunity to show her talent and creativity, and that she received the support of her colleagues and her boss.
  • Mamadou, a boy who arrived in Spain on a boat and worked in various precarious jobs until he got a scholarship to study computer engineering. Mamadou explains that the probationary period was a challenge to adapt to the UAE culture and language, but he was able to learn Arabic and make friends.
  • Leïti, a singer and actor, has had diabetes since the age of 12, but it has not prevented him from developing his artistic career. Leïti says that the trial period was a trial by fire to manage her illness and stress, but that she was able to count on the support of her family and her team.

Conclusion

The probationary period in the UAE is an important stage for the employer and employee. as it allows them to get to know each other and check whether they are compatible and suitable for the job and working conditions.

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